Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Part of Eylesbarrow Reave

A Scheduled Monument in Sheepstor, Devon

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 50.487 / 50°29'13"N

Longitude: -4.0101 / 4°0'36"W

OS Eastings: 257500.878818

OS Northings: 67167.639229

OS Grid: SX575671

Mapcode National: GBR Q2.ZMS0

Mapcode Global: FRA 27HR.TVV

Entry Name: Part of Eylesbarrow Reave

Scheduled Date: 9 October 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011958

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10626

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Sheepstor

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Details

The Dartmoor reaves are part of a highly elaborate and extensive system of
Prehistoric land division, introduced some time around 1700 BC. The reaves
consist of simple linear stone and earth banks used to mark out discrete
territories, some of which are tens of kilometres in area. The systems are
defined by parallel, contour and watershed reaves, dividing the lower land
from the grazing zones of the higher moor.
Eylesbarrow Reave is a watershed reave which separates the watershed of the
Plym from that of the Meavy, it extends from the Plym at Cadworthy Wood to
the summit of Eylesbarrow, a distance of approximately 6km. Though the reave
can be traced from end to end, there are now gaps along its length which
result in its preservation in separate sections of unequal length. This
section forms a dog-leg which runs through clitter across the lower north-
west slope of Gutter Tor. It is 160m in length and is separated by a gap
of c.70m from the section to the south-west, on the north slope of Ringmoor
Down, and by a gap of nearly 600m to the north-east, as it crosses the
valley of Sheepstor Brook and the northern end of Gutter Mire. It is
traceable through the clitter as a low bank of earth and stone up to 0.4m in
height and 2.5m in width, there are some larger upright stones marking its
course through the heaviest clitter.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in Southern Britain and
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the
most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country.
The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provides direct
evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early Prehistoric
period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between
settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary
monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights
into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time.
Elaborate complexes of fields and field boundaries are some of the major
features of the Dartmoor landscape. They have important implications for
studying Prehistoric land divisions and communal systems of land-holding,
not just in this region but also nationally. Eylesbarrow Reave is a major
watershed reave in the South Moor system.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Fleming, A, The Dartmoor Reaves, (1988)
Other
SX56NE-278, SX56NE-278, (1990)

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.