Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Cairn south of Eylesbarrow Reave

A Scheduled Monument in Sheepstor, Devon

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Latitude: 50.483 / 50°28'58"N

Longitude: -4.0186 / 4°1'7"W

OS Eastings: 256881.264178

OS Northings: 66744.269692

OS Grid: SX568667

Mapcode National: GBR Q1.T5JH

Mapcode Global: FRA 27GS.B71

Entry Name: Cairn south of Eylesbarrow Reave

Scheduled Date: 22 October 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012237

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10599

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Sheepstor

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon


Many examples of prehistoric funerary monuments are preserved on Dartmoor,
mostly dating to the Bronze Age (c.2500-500BC). To celebrate or commemorate
the dead, mounds of earth or stone were piled in roughly hemispherical shape
over the burial, which was sometimes contained in a small rectangular
structure, or cist, made of stone slabs. Some monuments also include
kerbstones marking the outer edge of the mound and a surrounding ditch.
This cairn lies 2.5m south of Eylesbarrow Reave on a spur on the 325m
contour west of Gutter Tor. It is built of stone and is 2m in diameter and
0.2m in height; there is no evidence of a retaining kerb.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in Southern Britain and
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the
most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country.
The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provides direct
evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric
period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between
settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary
monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights
into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time.
This cairn, lying immediately to the south of Eylesbarrow Reave, is a well-
preserved example and occupies a significant position in relation to this
major land boundary. Its relationship with other cairns, stone circles and
an alignment indicates the wealth of evidence relating to the ritual side of
life on this part of the Moor.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Devon Archaeological Society Proceedings' in Dartmoor Barrows, , Vol. 36, (1978)
SX 56 NE 201,

Source: Historic England

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