Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Cairn east of Ringmoor Cottage

A Scheduled Monument in Sheepstor, Devon

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Latitude: 50.4824 / 50°28'56"N

Longitude: -4.0227 / 4°1'21"W

OS Eastings: 256589.504978

OS Northings: 66684.085692

OS Grid: SX565666

Mapcode National: GBR Q1.T4HM

Mapcode Global: FRA 27GS.8MC

Entry Name: Cairn east of Ringmoor Cottage

Scheduled Date: 11 June 1965

Last Amended: 24 October 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012252

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10584

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Sheepstor

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon


Many examples of prehistoric funerary monuments are preserved on Dartmoor,
mostly dating to the Bronze Age (c.2500-500 BC). To celebrate or commemorate
the dead, mounds of earth or stone were piled in roughly hemispherical shape
over the burial, which was sometimes contained in a small rectangular
structure, or cist, made of stone slabs. Some monuments also include
kerbstones marking the outer edge of the mound and surrounding ditch.
This cairn lies approximately 100m north-west of Eylesbarrow Reave on the
brow of Ringmoor Down. It is 12m in diameter and 0.5m in height, with a
retaining kerb 6m in diameter within the mound, and is best preserved on the
southern side. Its uneven surface suggests that it has been partly
disturbed. It lies within a few hundred metres of other cairns.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in Southern Britain and
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the
most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country.
The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provides direct
evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric
period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between
settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary
monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights
into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time.
Despite disturbance, this is a well-preserved example of a cairn, it
occupies a prominent position on the brow of Ringmoor Down. Its proximity to
Eylesbarrow Reave suggests that it was a landmark associated with this
formal division of the Moor in the Bronze Age. The relationship to other
cairns also indicates the wealth of evidence relating to the ritual side of
life on this part of the Moor.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Devon Archaeological Society Proceedings' in Dartmoor Barrows, , Vol. 36, (1978), 166
Devon SMR, SX56NE-015,

Source: Historic England

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