Ancient Monuments

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Round cairn on High Raise

A Scheduled Monument in Patterdale, Cumbria

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.5133 / 54°30'48"N

Longitude: -2.8537 / 2°51'13"W

OS Eastings: 344824.470726

OS Northings: 513449.662891

OS Grid: NY448134

Mapcode National: GBR 8JH7.ZW

Mapcode Global: WH81W.4TBC

Entry Name: Round cairn on High Raise

Scheduled Date: 23 August 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011590

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22543

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Patterdale

Traditional County: Westmorland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Bampton St Patrick

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle

Details

The monument is a round cairn located on the summit of High Raise. It includes
a flat-topped oval mound of stones up to 0.8m high with maximum dimensions of
9m by 8m. There is a modern walkers' cairn on the northern edge of the cairn.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Despite the presence of a modern walkers' cairn on its northern edge, High
Raise round cairn survives reasonably well. It is not known to have been
excavated and will contain undisturbed archaeological deposits within the
cairn and upon the old landsurface beneath.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

Source: Historic England

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