Ancient Monuments

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Enclosure containing four clearance cairns and a stone bank west of Four Stones Hill

A Scheduled Monument in Bampton, Cumbria

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.5385 / 54°32'18"N

Longitude: -2.7904 / 2°47'25"W

OS Eastings: 348958.976203

OS Northings: 516198.254264

OS Grid: NY489161

Mapcode National: GBR 8HYY.PV

Mapcode Global: WH81X.36J2

Entry Name: Enclosure containing four clearance cairns and a stone bank west of Four Stones Hill

Scheduled Date: 13 November 1963

Last Amended: 19 October 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011159

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22599

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Bampton

Traditional County: Westmorland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Bampton St Patrick

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle

Details

The monument includes a sub-oval enclosure occupying a gently sloping shelf on
the fellside west of the summit of Four Stones Hill. It is defined by a turf-
covered wall of boulders and rubble up to 3m wide and 0.5m high that remains
open on its south-western side. There is an entrance 4m wide on the
enclosure's northern side. Within the enclosure are four clearance cairns and
a stone bank. The cairn adjacent to the north-western side of the enclosure
wall measures 3.7m by 3.5m and is 0.2m high. The cairn adjacent to the western
side of the enclosure wall measures 6.7m by 6m and is 0.3m high. The cairn
close to the southern tip of the enclosure measures 5.7m by 5.4m and is 0.2m
high, and the cairn close to the centre of the enclosure measures 4.1m in
diameter and is 0.3m high. The stone bank is aligned east-west and measures
14.5m long by 3m wide and is 0.3m high.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Within the upland landscape of Cumbria there are many discrete plots of land
enclosed by stone walls or banks of stone and earth, most of which date to the
Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC), though earlier and later examples also exist. They
were constructed as stock pens or as protected areas for crop growing and were
sometimes subdivided to accommodate stock and hut circle dwellings for farmers
and herdsmen. The size and form of enclosures may therefore vary considerably
depending upon their particular function. Their variation in form, longevity
and relationship to other monument classes provide important information on
the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.
The enclosure west of Four Stones Hill survives well and is a good example of
this class of monument. The clearance cairns and stone bank within the
enclosure are built with stones cleared from the surrounding landscape to
improve its use for agriculture. Although primarily the product of clearance
for agriculture, evidence from other northern sites demonstrates that these
small cairns may also have been used for the interment of bodies. Without
excavation it may be impossible to determine which cairns contain burials. The
site lies close to other prehistoric monuments in the vicinity of Four Stones
Hill and thus indicates the importance of this area in prehistoric times and
the diversity of monument classes to be found here.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
SMR No. 1603, Cumbria SMR, Settlement on Four Stones Hill, (1985)

Source: Historic England

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