Ancient Monuments

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Round cairn north of Four Stones Hill

A Scheduled Monument in Bampton, Cumbria

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.5398 / 54°32'23"N

Longitude: -2.7875 / 2°47'15"W

OS Eastings: 349145.657596

OS Northings: 516344.164018

OS Grid: NY491163

Mapcode National: GBR 8HZY.9D

Mapcode Global: WH81X.45W1

Entry Name: Round cairn north of Four Stones Hill

Scheduled Date: 13 November 1963

Last Amended: 19 October 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007412

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22515

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Bampton

Traditional County: Westmorland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Bampton St Patrick

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle

Details

The monument is a round cairn located on a narrow shelf north of the summit of
Four Stones Hill. It includes an oval mound of stones up to 0.8m high with
maximum dimensions of 12m by 10m. The monument has been disturbed in the
centre and some stones arranged to form a low circular wall on the cairn's
summit.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Despite some surface disturbance to the monument's centre caused by
construction of a low wall, the round cairn north of Four Stones Hill survives
reasonably well. It will retain undisturbed archaeological deposits within the
cairn and upon the old landsurface.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), (1988)

Source: Historic England

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