Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn west of enclosure on Four Stones Hill

A Scheduled Monument in Bampton, Cumbria

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Latitude: 54.5385 / 54°32'18"N

Longitude: -2.7919 / 2°47'30"W

OS Eastings: 348860.535986

OS Northings: 516200.925122

OS Grid: NY488162

Mapcode National: GBR 8HYY.CV

Mapcode Global: WH81X.26T2

Entry Name: Round cairn west of enclosure on Four Stones Hill

Scheduled Date: 15 October 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011162

English Heritage Legacy ID: 23610

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Bampton

Traditional County: Westmorland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Bampton St Patrick

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle


The monument is a round cairn located on a gently sloping shelf on the
fellside west of Four Stones Hill. It lies immediately west of a prehistoric
enclosure containing four clearance cairns and a stone bank, and includes a
slightly oval mound of largely turf-covered stones up to 0.4m high with
maximum dimensions of 6.4m by 6.2m.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

The monument is a rare survival in Cumbria of an unexcavated example of this
class of monument. It lies close to other monuments in the vicinity of Four
Stones Hill, and thus indicates the importance of this area in prehistoric
times and the diversity of monument classes to be found here.

Source: Historic England


Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), (1988)

Source: Historic England

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