Ancient Monuments

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Ring cairn east of Threepow Raise

A Scheduled Monument in Barton, Cumbria

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.5886 / 54°35'18"N

Longitude: -2.7988 / 2°47'55"W

OS Eastings: 348476.989146

OS Northings: 521780.77025

OS Grid: NY484217

Mapcode National: GBR 8HWC.VW

Mapcode Global: WH81H.ZXDP

Entry Name: Ring cairn east of Threepow Raise

Scheduled Date: 23 August 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011588

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22540

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Barton

Traditional County: Westmorland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Askham with Lowther

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle

Details

The monument is a ring cairn located on an area of Moor Divock east of
Threepow Raise. It includes a ring bank of largely turf-covered stones 1.2m -
1.6m wide and up to 0.2m high; it has an external diameter of 19.5m. The ring
bank forms 270 degrees of a circle; there is a wide entrance with ill-defined
edges in the bank's northern quadrant.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A ring cairn is a prehistoric ritual monument comprising a circular bank of
stones up to 20m in diameter surrounding a hollow central area. The bank may
be kerbed on the inside, and sometimes on the outside as well, with small
uprights or laid boulders. Ring cairns are found mainly in upland areas of
England and are mostly discovered and authenticated by fieldwork and ground
level survey, although a few are large enough to be visible on aerial
photographs. They often occur in pairs or small groups of up to four examples.
Occasionally they lie within round barrow cemeteries. Ring cairns are
interpreted as ritual monuments of Early and Middle Bronze Age date. The exact
nature of the rituals concerned is not fully understood, but excavation has
revealed pits, some containing burials and others containing charcoal and
pottery, taken to indicate feasting activities associated with the burial
rituals. Many areas of upland have not yet been surveyed in detail and the
number of ring cairns in England is not accurately known. However, available
evidence indicates a population of between 250 and 500 examples. As a
relatively rare class of monument exhibiting considerable variation in form,
all positively identified examples retaining significant archaeological
deposits are considered worthy of preservation.

The ring cairn east of Threepow Raise survives reasonably well. It is
unexcavated and will retain undisturbed archaeological deposits within the
part of the enclosure bank and interior which together will facilitate a
greater understanding of the nature of the rituals undertaken at such sites.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Quartermaine, J, Askham Fell Survey Catalogue, (1992), 13-14
Other
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Ring Cairns, (1989)

Source: Historic England

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