Ancient Monuments

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Round cairn 520m north east of The Cockpit, Askham Fell

A Scheduled Monument in Barton, Cumbria

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.5948 / 54°35'41"N

Longitude: -2.7949 / 2°47'41"W

OS Eastings: 348739.371378

OS Northings: 522468.781995

OS Grid: NY487224

Mapcode National: GBR 8HX9.QP

Mapcode Global: WH81J.1RDX

Entry Name: Round cairn 520m north east of The Cockpit, Askham Fell

Scheduled Date: 30 November 1925

Last Amended: 25 July 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007370

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22520

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Barton

Traditional County: Westmorland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Askham with Lowther

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle

Details

The monument is a round cairn located on Askham Fell 520m north east of The
Cockpit stone circle. It includes an oval mound of partly turf-covered stones
up to 0.6m high with maximum dimensions of 6.3m by 4.7m. There is a large
stone measuring more than 1m long in the western end of the cairn and a number
of stones protrude through the turf covering.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

The monument is a rare survival in Cumbria of an undisturbed example of this
class of monument. It lies within an area of open fell rich in prehistoric
monuments and will contain undisturbed archaeological deposits within the
mound and upon the old land surface beneath.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Quartermaine, J, Askham Fell Survey Catalogue, (1992), 24
Other
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), (1988)

Source: Historic England

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