Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn 280m south-east of The Cockpit stone circle

A Scheduled Monument in Barton, Cumbria

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Latitude: 54.5914 / 54°35'28"N

Longitude: -2.798 / 2°47'52"W

OS Eastings: 348530.617618

OS Northings: 522091.930318

OS Grid: NY485220

Mapcode National: GBR 8HXB.1W

Mapcode Global: WH81H.ZVSK

Entry Name: Round cairn 280m south-east of The Cockpit stone circle

Scheduled Date: 23 August 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011587

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22539

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Barton

Traditional County: Westmorland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Askham with Lowther

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle


The monument is a round cairn located on Moor Divock 280m south-east of The
Cockpit stone circle. It includes an oval mound of largely turf-covered stones
up to 0.25m high with maximum dimensions of 12.2m by 10.3m on top of which is
a smaller oval mound of largely turf-covered stones up to 0.35m high with
maximum dimensions of 3.1m by 2.8m. The cairn lies directly opposite the
square stone foundation within the interior of The Cockpit stone circle and
this significant alignment suggests the two monuments were associated.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

This cairn survives well and is unexcavated. It will retain undisturbed
archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old landsurface beneath.
It lies within an area of open fell rich in prehistoric monuments and is
aligned with the nearby Cockpit stone circle.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Quartermaine, J, Askham Fell Survey Catalogue, (1992), 13-14
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
To Robinson,K.D. (MPPFW), Quartermaine, J, (1992)

Source: Historic England

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