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Round cairn 330m north of the Ordance Survey triangulation pillar on Cox Tor

A Scheduled Monument in Peter Tavy, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5697 / 50°34'11"N

Longitude: -4.0763 / 4°4'34"W

OS Eastings: 253061.276434

OS Northings: 76501.986507

OS Grid: SX530765

Mapcode National: GBR NZ.FGSJ

Mapcode Global: FRA 27BK.KRG

Entry Name: Round cairn 330m north of the Ordance Survey triangulation pillar on Cox Tor

Scheduled Date: 6 September 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011495

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22228

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Peter Tavy

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Details

This monument includes a round cairn situated on a plateau north of Cox Tor.
The cairn mound measures 5m in diameter and stands up to 0.5m high. A shallow
hollow in the centre of the mound is probably the result of a partial early
excavation or robbing. This cairn is part of a round cairn cemetery including
two round cairns, two tor cairns and two ring cairns.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary
monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain
where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may
cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer
ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in
the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a
monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and
social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one
of the best preserved and most dense concentrations of round cairns in south-
western Britain.

Despite evidence for partial excavation, the round cairn 330m north of the
Ordnance Survey triangulation pillar on Cox Tor survives well and contains
archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the
landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991), 84
Other
National Archaeological Record, SX57NW105,

Source: Historic England

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