Ancient Monuments

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Three stone hut circles forming part of an unenclosed stone hut circle settlement on the north-east slope of Cox Tor

A Scheduled Monument in Peter Tavy, Devon

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Latitude: 50.5686 / 50°34'6"N

Longitude: -4.0698 / 4°4'11"W

OS Eastings: 253518.43606

OS Northings: 76362.760433

OS Grid: SX535763

Mapcode National: GBR NZ.FJH2

Mapcode Global: FRA 27CK.G9Q

Entry Name: Three stone hut circles forming part of an unenclosed stone hut circle settlement on the north-east slope of Cox Tor

Scheduled Date: 2 September 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011384

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20391

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Peter Tavy

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon


This monument includes three stone hut circles situated on a gentle north-east
facing slope overlooking the valley of the Colly Brook and is part of a large
unenclosed stone hut circle settlement on the north-east slope of Cox Tor.
All three stone hut circles include a stone and earth bank defining a circular
interior. The internal diameter of the structures varies between 4m and 6.5m
and the banks stand between 0.15m and 0.35m high. A short length of boundary
wall leads eastward from the southernmost hut.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited damage, the unenclosed stone hut circle settlement on the
north-east slope of Cox Tor survives comparatively well. Important and
informative archaeological structures, features and deposits survive intact
and provide an insight into agricultural practice on the western side of the

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991), 84-5
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
National Archaeological Record, SX57NW33, (1987)

Source: Historic England

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