Ancient Monuments

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Stone hut circle and a short length of boundary wall forming part of an unenclosed stone hut circle settlement on the north-east slope of Cox Tor

A Scheduled Monument in Peter Tavy, Devon

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Latitude: 50.5715 / 50°34'17"N

Longitude: -4.0701 / 4°4'12"W

OS Eastings: 253507.5992

OS Northings: 76686.9433

OS Grid: SX535766

Mapcode National: GBR NZ.FBDX

Mapcode Global: FRA 27CK.867

Entry Name: Stone hut circle and a short length of boundary wall forming part of an unenclosed stone hut circle settlement on the north-east slope of Cox Tor

Scheduled Date: 14 March 1974

Last Amended: 9 September 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011432

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20397

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Peter Tavy

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon


This monument includes a stone hut circle and a short length of boundary wall
forming part of an unenclosed stone hut circle settlement, and a tin
prospecting pit, all situated on the north-east slope of Cox Tor overlooking
the Colly Brook. The stone hut circle is terraced into the hillslope and is
composed of an orthostatic wall defining an internal area measuring 6.6m long
by 4.4m wide. The huts walls are 1.5m wide and stand up to 0.2m high. The
boundary wall lies to the south of the hut, is of rubble construction,
measures 2.5m wide, 0.4m high and forms a 30m long arc aligned from north to
south. The tin prospecting pit lies at the south end of the boundary. The
pit consists of a sub-rectangular hollow measuring 4.4m long by 3m wide and
0.6m deep with an associated crescent shaped bank standing up to 0.9m high
lying immediately downslope.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited damage, this part of the unenclosed stone hut circle
settlement on the north-east slope of Cox Tor survives comparatively well.
Important and informative archaeological structures, features and deposits
survive intact and provide an insight into agricultural practice on the
western side of the moor.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991), 84-5
Gerrard, G A M, The Archaeology of the Early Cornish Tin Industry, (1986), 254-5
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
National Archaeological Record, SX57NW33, (1987)

Source: Historic England

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