Ancient Monuments

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Stone hut circle 758m north-east of Trewortha Farm

A Scheduled Monument in North Hill, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5544 / 50°33'15"N

Longitude: -4.4746 / 4°28'28"W

OS Eastings: 224799.854689

OS Northings: 75660.786474

OS Grid: SX247756

Mapcode National: GBR NF.GGGH

Mapcode Global: FRA 17JL.LL1

Entry Name: Stone hut circle 758m north-east of Trewortha Farm

Scheduled Date: 8 September 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011364

English Heritage Legacy ID: 15219

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: North Hill

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: North Hill

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument includes a stone hut circle situated near the northern edge of
Twelve Men's Moor on eastern Bodmin Moor, near other broadly contemporary hut
circle settlements and funerary cairns on Twelve Men's Moor and the Hawkstor
Downs.
The hut circle survives with a wall of heaped rubble, up to 1m wide and 0.2m
high, defining a circular internal area 3.5m in diameter and levelled into the
hillslope. Along its eastern half, the hut circle wall has a contiguous row
of edge-set inner facing slabs, two still standing, each 0.6m high, with
others to each side, fallen inwards into the hut circle interior.
This monument forms one of at least six individual hut circles and small
groups of hut circles dispersed along the contour from the south-east slope of
Hawks Tor to the saddle between Trewortha and Kilmar Tors on Twelve Men's
Moor. These hut circles are located close to two larger unenclosed hut circle
settlements, one on Twelve Men's Moor 120m ESE of this monument, the other on
Hawks Tor with an associated field system, 650m to the north-east. Over a
dozen broadly contemporary funerary cairns, several with burial cists, are
also located on Twelve Men's Moor, examples of which are situated 120m north
and 165m south of this monument.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the
best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes
of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for
human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial
remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern
of land use through time.
Stone hut circles were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on the Moor,
mostly dating from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The stone-based round
houses survive as low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains
of a turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts occur singly or in small
or large groups and may occur in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth
and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity of use and
their relationship with other monument types provides important information on
the diversity of social organisation and farming practices among prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.
This stone hut circle on Twelve Men's Moor has survived reasonably well
despite the partial collapse of some of its inner facing slabs. It has not
been excavated and displays clearly its mode of construction and plan. The
proximity of this hut circle to other small groups of hut circles and to the
larger hut circle settlements on Twelve Men's Moor and the Hawkstor Downs
demonstrates well the nature and diversity of the settlement pattern during
the Bronze Age.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
consulted 6/1992, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcriptions for SX 2475; SX 2575 & SX 2576,
consulted 6/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1014.15,

Source: Historic England

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