Ancient Monuments

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Round cairn 645m ENE of Trewortha Farm

A Scheduled Monument in North Hill, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5527 / 50°33'9"N

Longitude: -4.4749 / 4°28'29"W

OS Eastings: 224774.59373

OS Northings: 75472.520668

OS Grid: SX247754

Mapcode National: GBR NF.GGDW

Mapcode Global: FRA 17JL.SJX

Entry Name: Round cairn 645m ENE of Trewortha Farm

Scheduled Date: 19 July 1974

Last Amended: 4 June 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009779

English Heritage Legacy ID: 15103

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: North Hill

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: North Hill

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument comprises a Prehistoric round cairn, one of a dispersed group of
twelve cairns, situated near a Neolithic long cairn and other broadly
contemporary cairns, field systems and settlement sites on the wide saddle of
Twelve Men's Moor between Kilmar Tor and the Trewortha Tor-Hawkstor ridge on
eastern Bodmin Moor.
The cairn survives as a turf-covered mound of heaped rubble, 5m in diameter
and up to 0.4m high, forming a steep inverted bowl shape with a slightly
flattened top. A shallow hollow, 1m wide and 0.1m deep crosses the top of the
cairn NE-SW, probably the result of an early stone robbing episode. This
cairn is centred 24m SW of a large platform cairn and 66m NW of a Neolithic
long cairn, while other cairns in the scattered group are located 27m-92m to
the WSW.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the
best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of
prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human
exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The
well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field
systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains
provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land
use through time. Round cairns are funerary monuments covering single or
multiple burials and dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were
constructed as mounds of earth and stone rubble up to 40m in external diameter
but usually considerably smaller; a kerb of edge-set stones sometimes bounds
the edges of the mound. Burials were placed in small pits, or on occasion
within a box-like structure of stone slabs called a cist, let into the old
ground surface or dug into the body of the cairn. Round cairns can occur as
isolated monuments, in small groups or in larger cemeteries. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provides
important information on the diversity of beliefs, burial practices and social
organisation in the Bronze Age. They are particularly representative of their
period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of preservation.

This round cairn on Twelve Men's Moor has survived well despite the limited
and well-defined actions of stone-robbers and it will retain many original
features including burial deposits. Its proximity to other earlier and
broadly contemporary burial monuments of differing types and to Prehistoric
field systems and settlement sites demonstrates well the development and
diversity of funerary practices and the organisation of land use during the
Earlier Prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Trahair, J E R, 'Cornish Archaeology' in A survey of cairns on Bodmin Moor, , Vol. 17, (1978), 3-24
Other
9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1013.10,
consulted 9/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2475,
Consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1013.01,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1013.12,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1014,

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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