Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn 825m north-east of Trewortha Farm

A Scheduled Monument in North Hill, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.5555 / 50°33'19"N

Longitude: -4.4744 / 4°28'27"W

OS Eastings: 224821.330073

OS Northings: 75786.607509

OS Grid: SX248757

Mapcode National: GBR NF.G8J8

Mapcode Global: FRA 17JL.DPX

Entry Name: Round cairn 825m north-east of Trewortha Farm

Scheduled Date: 7 August 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008763

English Heritage Legacy ID: 15121

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: North Hill

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: North Hill

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument comprises a Prehistoric round cairn situated near other broadly
contemporary cairns and settlement sites on the south-eastern slope of
Trewortha Tor on eastern Bodmin Moor.
The cairn survives as a turf-covered mound of heaped rubble, 10m in diameter
and up to 0.75m high. Some relatively recent stone robbing has created a
hollow 0.5m deep stretching from the mound's northern edge towards its centre,
leaving the mound's southern half intact and its full perimeter extent
visible. This cairn is centred 175m north-west of a large unenclosed hut
circle settlement and 290m north of a large and diverse group of funerary
cairns and is visible from both of these broadly contemporary monuments.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the
best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of
prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human
exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The
well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field
systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains
provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land
use through time. Round cairns are funerary monuments covering single or
multiple burials and dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were
constructed as mounds of earth and stone rubble up to 40m in external diameter
but usually considerably smaller; a kerb of edge-set stones sometimes bounds
the edges of the mound. Burials were placed in small pits, or on occasion
within a box-like structure of stone slabs called a cist, let into the old
ground surface or dug into the body of the cairn. Round cairns can occur as
isolated monuments, in small groups or in larger cemeteries. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provides
important information on the diversity of beliefs, burial practices and social
organisation in the Bronze Age. They are particularly representative of their
period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of preservation.

This round cairn on Trewortha Tor has survived reasonably well despite the
limited and well-defined actions of stone-robbers and it will retain many
original features including burial deposits. Its proximity to other broadly
contemporary burial monuments of differing types and to a large settlement
site demonstrates well the diversity of funerary practices and the
organisation of land use during the Bronze Age.

Source: Historic England


consulted 9/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2475,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1085,

Source: Historic England

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