Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 150m east of Waterman's Lodge: one of a pair of Bronze Age barrows on the western edge of Wychwood Forest

A Scheduled Monument in Chilson, Oxfordshire

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Latitude: 51.8606 / 51°51'38"N

Longitude: -1.5172 / 1°31'1"W

OS Eastings: 433342.721701

OS Northings: 218110.225479

OS Grid: SP333181

Mapcode National: GBR 6TS.777

Mapcode Global: VHBZN.NH8J

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 150m east of Waterman's Lodge: one of a pair of Bronze Age barrows on the western edge of Wychwood Forest

Scheduled Date: 12 October 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011223

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21779

County: Oxfordshire

Civil Parish: Chilson

Traditional County: Oxfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Oxfordshire

Church of England Parish: Leafield with Wychwood

Church of England Diocese: Oxford


The monument includes one of a pair of Bronze Age bowl barrows situated on a
gentle south-facing slope in Wychwood Forest.
The barrow mound measures 13m in diameter and stands up to 1m high.
Surrounding the mound is a quarry ditch which provided material for its
construction. Although this has become largely infilled over the years, it
survives mainly as a buried feature c.3m wide. The ditch is visible as a
slight depression on the south-western side of the barrow where an unsurfaced
track has subsided into the ditch.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow 150m east of Waterman's Lodge forms part of a well-preserved
pair of Bronze Age bowl barrows which do not appear to have been disturbed by
excavation. As such it will contain important archaeological and environmental
evidence relating to the construction of the monument and the landscape in
which it was built.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Mudd, A, Round Barrows of the Oxfordshire Cotswolds, (1983)
Observations, JEFFERY, P.P., On Site Discussion Between P. Jeffery and A.J. Schofield, (1993)

Source: Historic England

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