Ancient Monuments

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One of a pair of bowl barrows 370m north west of High Lodge

A Scheduled Monument in Cornbury and Wychwood, Oxfordshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.8559 / 51°51'21"N

Longitude: -1.5377 / 1°32'15"W

OS Eastings: 431938.961132

OS Northings: 217580.188007

OS Grid: SP319175

Mapcode National: GBR 6TR.N29

Mapcode Global: VHBZN.9MG3

Entry Name: One of a pair of bowl barrows 370m NW of High Lodge

Scheduled Date: 22 March 1949

Last Amended: 18 October 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011227

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21789

County: Oxfordshire

Civil Parish: Cornbury and Wychwood

Traditional County: Oxfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Oxfordshire

Church of England Parish: Leafield with Wychwood

Church of England Diocese: Oxford

Details

The monument includes one of a pair of Bronze Age bowl barrows aligned east-
west and located 370m north-west of High Lodge on a hill which forms the
highest point of the ancient Wychwood Forest.
Despite being under cultivation, the mound measures 18m in diameter and stands
up to 0.6m high. Surrounding the barrow mound, but no longer visible at ground
level, is a quarry ditch from which material was obtained during its
construction. This has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried
feature c.3m wide. Quantities of Romano-British pottery have been found in the
area around and between these barrows, while aerial photographs show several
buried linear features, probably related to the Roman activity around the
barrows.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The bowl barrow forming one of a pair 370m north-west of High Lodge survives
comparatively well despite having been reduced by cultivation. It has never
been excavated and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence
relating to its construction and the landscape in which it was built.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Mudd, A, Round Barrows of the Oxfordshire Cotswolds, (1983)
Other
AM 107 report, Armstrong, L, Round Barrows 370m North West of High Lodge, (1987)
Discussion with J. Heath, MPPFW, Jeffery, PP, Roman Field Systems on Bronze Age Cemetries, (1993)
PRN 13,753, C.A.O., LINEARS VISIBLE ON A.P.,
PRN 2295, C.A.O., Round Barrows, Wychwood,

Source: Historic England

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