Ancient Monuments

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Long barrow 150m west of Churchill Copse in Wychwood Forest

A Scheduled Monument in Cornbury and Wychwood, Oxfordshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.8494 / 51°50'57"N

Longitude: -1.52 / 1°31'11"W

OS Eastings: 433162.30194

OS Northings: 216861.907295

OS Grid: SP331168

Mapcode National: GBR 6TZ.0JJ

Mapcode Global: VHBZN.LST4

Entry Name: Long barrow 150m west of Churchill Copse in Wychwood Forest

Scheduled Date: 12 October 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011216

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21768

County: Oxfordshire

Civil Parish: Cornbury and Wychwood

Traditional County: Oxfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Oxfordshire

Church of England Parish: Leafield with Wychwood

Church of England Diocese: Oxford

Details

The monument includes a long barrow 150m west of Churchill Copse in Wychwood
Forest. It is situated on a south-facing slope which overlooks a narrow,
enclosed valley.
The barrow mound is orientated east-west and measures 22m long by 14.5m wide
and stands up to 1.6m high. The middle of the mound has been disturbed by an
antiquarian excavation which has created a hollow depression 3m long and 2.5m
wide. This has become partially infilled over the years.
Either side of the barrow mound, but no longer visible at ground level, are a
pair of flanking quarry ditches from which material was obtained during the
construction of the mound. The southern ditch can be seen as an area of
subsidence where it is crossed by a track from Hatching Hill to Churchill
Copse. This ditch is c.4m wide and is separated from the edge of the mound by
a 2m wide berm.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking
ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic
periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early
farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the
human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide
evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and,
consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long
barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic
structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their
considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are
considered to be nationally important.

Despite partial excavation, the Churchill Copse long barrow survives well and
will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its
construction and the landscape in which it was built.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Benson, D, The Victoria History of the County of Oxfordshire: Volume II, (1907), 266a
Other
OXON PRN 1534, C.A.O., Long barrow in Churchill Copse, (1978)
Title: 6" Ordnance Survey with monument notes added by hand
Source Date: 1930
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:
Private map from SMR

Source: Historic England

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