Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 200m west of Hawksnest Copse in Wychwood Forest

A Scheduled Monument in Ramsden, Oxfordshire

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Latitude: 51.847 / 51°50'49"N

Longitude: -1.5093 / 1°30'33"W

OS Eastings: 433896.544728

OS Northings: 216605.266428

OS Grid: SP338166

Mapcode National: GBR 6TZ.37H

Mapcode Global: VHBZN.STFY

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 200m west of Hawksnest Copse in Wychwood Forest

Scheduled Date: 13 January 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008398

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21780

County: Oxfordshire

Civil Parish: Ramsden

Built-Up Area: Finstock

Traditional County: Oxfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Oxfordshire

Church of England Parish: Leafield with Wychwood

Church of England Diocese: Oxford


The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow situated on a north-facing
slope in Wychwood Forest.
The barrow mound measures 14m in diameter and stands up to 0.4m high.
Surrounding the mound, but no longer visible at ground level, is a quarry
ditch from which material was obtained during its construction. This ditch has
become infilled over the years but will survive as a buried feature c.2m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow 200m west of Hawksnest Copse has survived well, despite being
small in size, due to its location in dense woodland. It has not been
disturbed by excavation and will contain archaeological and environmental
remains relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Mudd, A, Round Barrows of the Oxfordshire Cotswolds, (1983)

Source: Historic England

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