Ancient Monuments

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Brize's Lodge bowl barrow, 400m east of Gospel Oak

A Scheduled Monument in Ramsden, Oxfordshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.8391 / 51°50'20"N

Longitude: -1.5099 / 1°30'35"W

OS Eastings: 433861.039158

OS Northings: 215724.209783

OS Grid: SP338157

Mapcode National: GBR 6TZ.P2M

Mapcode Global: VHBZV.S13G

Entry Name: Brize's Lodge bowl barrow, 400m east of Gospel Oak

Scheduled Date: 22 March 1949

Last Amended: 9 September 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011218

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21770

County: Oxfordshire

Civil Parish: Ramsden

Traditional County: Oxfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Oxfordshire

Church of England Parish: Ramsden

Church of England Diocese: Oxford

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow situated 400m east of Gospel
Oak on a gentle south-facing slope. Although originally 26m across, the barrow
has been reduced by cultivation and now appears as a visible earthwork 22m
across and 0.5m high. The eastern edge of the mound is marked by a
concentration of stone in the plough soil. Surrounding the mound is a quarry
ditch from which material was obtained during its construction. This ditch has
become infilled over the years but will survive as a buried feature c.2m wide.
Over the years, flint tools have been found in the plough soil around the
barrow. To the west of the mound Roman artefacts, including a bronze eagle,
have also been found after ploughing.
Excluded from the scheduling is the surface of the track running across the
western edge of the monument, although the land beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The Brize's Lodge bowl barrow survives comparatively well despite having been
partially reduced by cultivation. It has not been disturbed by excavation and
will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its
construction and the landscape in which it was built.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Mudd, A, Round Barrows of the Oxfordshire Cotswolds, (1983)
Henig, M, Chambers, R A, 'Oxoniensia' in Two Roman Bronze Birds from Oxfordshire, , Vol. 1984, (1984), pp19-21
Other
AM 107 OX 67, Armstrong, L, Round Barrow 400m East of Gospel Oak, (1990)
Field visit report on OX 67, IAM, Round Barrow 1/2 Mile East of Gospel Oak, (1940)
Title: Plan of Wychwood Forest and Blandford Park
Source Date: 1815
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:
Estate map (detailed)

Source: Historic England

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