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Moated site at Nye Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Winscombe and Sandford, North Somerset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.3499 / 51°20'59"N

Longitude: -2.8432 / 2°50'35"W

OS Eastings: 341375.931397

OS Northings: 161536.107188

OS Grid: ST413615

Mapcode National: GBR JD.V7JJ

Mapcode Global: VH7CM.NBSJ

Entry Name: Moated site at Nye Farm

Scheduled Date: 25 January 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011132

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22838

County: North Somerset

Civil Parish: Winscombe and Sandford

Traditional County: Somerset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Somerset

Details

The monument includes a sub-rectangular moated site situated at Nye Farm in
the area of the Somerset Levels.
The moated site comprises a slightly raised, grass-covered island, 32m from
east to west and 25m from north to south, surrounded by a partly waterfilled
moat c.10m wide. The western arm of the moat has been incorporated into a
field drain. The eastern and southern arms of the moat have been partly
refilled in modern times but survive as buried features and remain visible as
earthworks c.10m wide and 0.6m deep. The northern arm of the moat survives
largely in its original form and is waterfilled. Access to the interior would
originally have been by bridge or drawbridge.
The monument has, over the years, produced quantities of medieval pottery and
is recorded in documents as a homestead moat in 1290 and 1332. It is
one of a pair of moated sites known in the area; the neighbouring site is
situated 380m to the west.
Excluded from the scheduling are the farm shed situated on the island, the
circular cattle feedrack in the north-eastern area of the island and the
boundary fence posts which cross the north-eastern area of the monument but
the ground beneath all these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site at Nye Farm survives comparatively well. This class of
monument is unusual in this part of the county; a pair of such sites
particularly so. Despite some disturbance and infilling, the moated site will
contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and
the landscape in which it was constructed. This will include waterlogged
deposits in view of the site`s setting in a low-lying area of the Somerset
Levels.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Mention of historic references,
Mention of medieval pottery at moat,

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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