Ancient Monuments

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Vincent Knoll bowl barrow

A Scheduled Monument in Hartington Town Quarter, Derbyshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.1691 / 53°10'8"N

Longitude: -1.7962 / 1°47'46"W

OS Eastings: 413718.909885

OS Northings: 363567.828821

OS Grid: SK137635

Mapcode National: GBR 46W.8PL

Mapcode Global: WHCDC.CLWW

Entry Name: Vincent Knoll bowl barrow

Scheduled Date: 10 June 1970

Last Amended: 13 July 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011010

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13311

County: Derbyshire

Civil Parish: Hartington Town Quarter

Traditional County: Derbyshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Derbyshire

Church of England Parish: Earl Sterndale St Michael and All Angels

Church of England Diocese: Derby

Details

Vincent Knoll bowl barrow is a roughly circular cairn situated on a partially
quarried promontory overlooking Long Dale in the western upland ridges of the
limestone plateau of Derbyshire. The monument includes a mound measuring 9.5m
by 8.5m and surviving to a height of c.0.8m. The central part of the cairn was
disturbed in the early nineteenth century, probably for wall stone, but the
outer portion is intact. Partial excavation by Thomas Bateman in 1849 led to
the discovery of a rock-cut grave containing three crouched skeletons which
indicate a Bronze Age date for the barrow. A fourth skeleton, associated with
an iron spear head, indicates its re-use in the Anglian period. The drystone
wall crossing the south-eastern edge of the barrow is excluded from the
scheduling although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite partial disturbance caused by excavation and stone-robbing, Vincent
Knoll bowl barrow is still a well preserved example, containing further
significant archaeological remains.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, T, Ten Years Diggings in Celtic and Saxon Grave-Hills, (1861), 49-50
Marsden, B M, The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire , (1977), 45

Source: Historic England

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