Ancient Monuments

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Two bowl barrows at Pilsbury

A Scheduled Monument in Hartington Town Quarter, Derbyshire

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Latitude: 53.1725 / 53°10'21"N

Longitude: -1.8208 / 1°49'14"W

OS Eastings: 412075.375871

OS Northings: 363949.011499

OS Grid: SK120639

Mapcode National: GBR 46V.2GW

Mapcode Global: WHCDC.0J77

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows at Pilsbury

Scheduled Date: 26 October 1970

Last Amended: 10 December 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009166

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13310

County: Derbyshire

Civil Parish: Hartington Town Quarter

Traditional County: Derbyshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Derbyshire

Church of England Parish: Earl Sterndale St Michael and All Angels

Church of England Diocese: Derby


The two bowl barrows at Pilsbury are sub-circular cairns located c.10m apart
on a hilltop within the western upland ridges of the limestone plateau of
Derbyshire. The monument includes both barrows within a single constraint
area. The larger measures 19m by 14m and survives to a height of c.1.5m while
the smaller, situated to the ESE measures 11m by 9m by c.0.5m high and is
flatter in profile. The larger was partially excavated by Bateman in 1847 and
found to contain two contracted skeletons within a natural fissure covered by
inclined stones. These and a cremation burial placed at the foot of one of
the inhumations indicate a Bronze Age date. The second barrow has not been
excavated and its deposits are therefore largely intact though it has suffered
some slight disturbance through stone-robbing, probably for wall stone, in the
early nineteenth century. An Anglian secondary burial inserted into the
larger barrow indicates its re-use in the early medieval period.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Although partially disturbed by excavation, the larger barrow at Pilsbury is
still a well preserved example containing further significant archaeological
remains. The second, smaller barrow is one of only a small number of examples
undisturbed by antiquarian excavation surviving in the Peak District.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, T, Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire, (1849)
Marsden, B M, The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire , (1977)
Thesis, Lewis, GD, The Bronze Age in the Southern Pennines, (1970)

Source: Historic England

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