Ancient Monuments

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Parsley Hay bowl barrow

A Scheduled Monument in Hartington Middle Quarter, Derbyshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.1653 / 53°9'55"N

Longitude: -1.7847 / 1°47'4"W

OS Eastings: 414490.69999

OS Northings: 363150.796571

OS Grid: SK144631

Mapcode National: GBR 46W.KLJ

Mapcode Global: WHCDC.KPCS

Entry Name: Parsley Hay bowl barrow

Scheduled Date: 13 October 1952

Last Amended: 13 July 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008983

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13312

County: Derbyshire

Civil Parish: Hartington Middle Quarter

Traditional County: Derbyshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Derbyshire

Church of England Parish: Earl Sterndale St Michael and All Angels

Church of England Diocese: Derby

Details

Parsley Hay bowl barrow is a sub-circular cairn located in the western upland
ridges of the limestone plateau of Derbyshire. In addition to the main mound
of the barrow the monument includes two smaller mounds which extend from the
south-western and south-eastern edges. The former measures 8m by 6.5m by 0.5m
high while the latter, which is roughly circular, has a diameter of 9.5m and
also stands 0.5m high. The larger mound comprises a sloping platform which
contains a kerb of limestone blocks set in a circle of diameter 16.5m which
itself encircles a steeper-sided inner mound with a diameter of 11m. The
overall dimensions of the larger mound are 25m by 22.5m by 1.5m high. The
main mound was partially excavated by Bateman in 1848 and a central grave pit
found cut into the rock beneath the old land surface. This contained a
crouched or sitting skeleton accompanied by flint artefacts and fragments of a
beaker by which the barrow was dated to the early Bronze Age. Overlying the
grave pit were flat slabs of limestone on which a second crouched inhumation
was found accompanied by a granite axehead and a bronze dagger.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The bowl barrow at Parsley Hay, with its attached satellite mounds, is an
unusual example which illustrates well the diversity of form of this class of
monument.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, T, Ten Years Diggings in Celtic and Saxon Grave-Hills, (1861)
Clarke, D L, The Beaker Pottery of Great Britain and Ireland, (1970)
Marsden, B M, The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire , (1977)

Source: Historic England

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