Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Wayside cross called Job Cross at Middle Heads on Danby Low Moor

A Scheduled Monument in Lockwood, Redcar and Cleveland

More Photos »
Approximate Location Map
Large Map »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.


Latitude: 54.4896 / 54°29'22"N

Longitude: -0.9432 / 0°56'35"W

OS Eastings: 468552.002746

OS Northings: 510986.501862

OS Grid: NZ685109

Mapcode National: GBR PJVJ.LC

Mapcode Global: WHF8N.HF11

Entry Name: Wayside cross called Job Cross at Middle Heads on Danby Low Moor

Scheduled Date: 7 March 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010082

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25662

County: Redcar and Cleveland

Civil Parish: Lockwood

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Moorsholm

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a cross base and truncated cross shaft situated on Danby
Low Moor. The cross marks the old road from White Cross, Commondale, to High
Thorn to the north east. It stands 30m from the present track which is also
the line of the district boundary.

The cross base is a badly eroded block of local banded gritstone. It measures
0.59m by 0.56m and stands 0.12m high. The shaft is of a different gritstone
and is squared in section measuring 0.26m on each side. It stands 0.96m high.
The shaft was originally dressed in a herringbone pattern and thus shows a
date of manufacture in the post-medieval period. There appear to have been
arms on the cross at the top of the shaft. These have been snapped off leaving
clear scars on the north and south sides.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the
medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to
serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith
amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside
crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and
otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes
linking ordinary settlements or on routes having a more specifically religious
function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners
and funeral processions, or marking long-distance routes frequented on
Over 350 wayside crosses are known nationally, concentrated in south west
England throughout Cornwall and on Dartmoor where they form the commonest type
of stone cross. A small group also occurs on the North York Moors. Relatively
few examples have been recorded elsewhere and these are generally confined to
remote moorland locations.
Outside Cornwall almost all wayside crosses take the form of a `Latin' cross,
in which the cross-head itself is shaped within the projecting arms of an
unenclosed cross. In Cornwall wayside crosses vary considerably in form and
decoration. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces
of which various forms of cross or related designs were carved in relief or
incised, the spaces between the cross arms possibly pierced. The design was
sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ and the shaft might bear
decorative panels and motifs. Less common forms in Cornwall include the
`Latin' cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low relief cross on both
faces. Rare examples of wheel-head and slab-form crosses also occur within the
North York Moors group. Most wayside crosses have either a simple socketed
base or show no evidence for a separate base at all.
Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval
religious customs and sculptural traditions and to our knowledge of medieval
routeways and settlement patterns. All wayside crosses which survive as earth-
fast monuments, except those which are extremely damaged and removed from
their original locations, are considered worthy of protection.

The wayside cross called Job Cross stands in its original position beside an
old trackway which has now sunk into the peat. It serves to give insight into
the management of the medieval landscape and the piety expected of early

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself. is a Good Stuff website.