Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Black Hill wayside cross on Glaisdale Rigg

A Scheduled Monument in Glaisdale, North Yorkshire

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 54.4317 / 54°25'54"N

Longitude: -0.857 / 0°51'25"W

OS Eastings: 474240.794276

OS Northings: 504630.216251

OS Grid: NZ742046

Mapcode National: GBR QKG6.74

Mapcode Global: WHF8W.TV2Z

Entry Name: Black Hill wayside cross on Glaisdale Rigg

Scheduled Date: 3 March 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010080

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25659

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Glaisdale

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Glaisdale St Thomas

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a wayside cross known as Black Hill Cross. It stands
beside the road which runs along Glaisdale Rigg and down into Lealholm. This
used to be called the Yarlesgate.

The monument consists of a medieval cross base with a more modern shaft
roughly inserted into the socket. The base is a freestone boulder of local
gritstone. It measures 0.9m wide on the north side and 0.82m wide on the west
side. It is 0.42m high. The socket hole measures 0.36m by 0.28m. The shaft is
a roughly dressed gritstone slab, cut away at the base to fit into the socket.
It measures 0.35m by 0.22m by 1.27m.

The cross stands 1.5m above the road side and is 1.8m from the road edge. The
road surface is not included in the scheduling but the ground beneath it is.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the
medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to
serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith
amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside
crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and
otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes
linking ordinary settlements or on routes having a more specifically religious
function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners
and funeral processions, or marking long-distance routes frequented on
pilgrimages.
Over 350 wayside crosses are known nationally, concentrated in south west
England throughout Cornwall and on Dartmoor where they form the commonest type
of stone cross. A small group also occurs on the North York Moors. Relatively
few examples have been recorded elsewhere and these are generally confined to
remote moorland locations.
Outside Cornwall almost all wayside crosses take the form of a `Latin' cross,
in which the cross-head itself is shaped within the projecting arms of an
unenclosed cross. In Cornwall wayside crosses vary considerably in form and
decoration. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces
of which various forms of cross or related designs were carved in relief or
incised, the spaces between the cross arms possibly pierced. The design was
sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ and the shaft might bear
decorative panels and motifs. Less common forms in Cornwall include the
`Latin' cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low relief cross on both
faces. Rare examples of wheel-head and slab-form crosses also occur within the
North York Moors group. Most wayside crosses have either a simple socketed
base or show no evidence for a separate base at all.
Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval
religious customs and sculptural traditions and to our knowledge of medieval
routeways and settlement patterns. All wayside crosses which survive as earth-
fast monuments, except those which are extremely damaged and removed from
their original locations, are considered worthy of protection.

The Black Hill wayside cross survives well in spite of the loss of the
original shaft. It stands in its original position beside the road known as
the Yarlesgate and marks the line of this old trackway running north and south
across the moors above Fryup Dale.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Hayes, R H, Old Roads and Pannierways in North East Yorkshire, (1988), 38

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.