Ancient Monuments

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Two superimposed bowl barrows 600m south of Stockley Cottage

A Scheduled Monument in Brockenhurst, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.8096 / 50°48'34"N

Longitude: -1.5109 / 1°30'39"W

OS Eastings: 434557.809674

OS Northings: 101234.426523

OS Grid: SU345012

Mapcode National: GBR 77K.2V3

Mapcode Global: FRA 76QY.P6X

Entry Name: Two superimposed bowl barrows 600m south of Stockley Cottage

Scheduled Date: 14 July 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009970

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20239

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Brockenhurst

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: East Boldre St Paul

Church of England Diocese: Winchester

Details

This monument includes two bowl barrows situated on lowland heath. The
largest barrow mound is superimposed over the smaller one which is therefore
not visible at ground level. The visible barrow mound measures 23m in
diameter and stands up to 1.5m high. The monument was partly excavated in the
winter of 1941-42, revealing a small 11m diameter and 1.1m high barrow mound
with associated ditch, cremation burial and Bronze Age food vessel. The
larger mound was built on top of this at a later date. The excavation
trenches were not backfilled and are still clearly visible. This monument is
part of a widely scattered group of round barrows. The metalled track to the
east of the barrow mound is excluded from the scheduling although the ground
beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite partial excavation in the winter of 1941-42, the two bowl barrows 600m
south of Stockley Cottage are important because they provide evidence for the
rare practice of building one barrow on top of another. Furthermore, they
survive within the New Forest, an area known to have been important in terms
of lowland Bronze Age occupation. A considerable amount of archaeological
evidence has survived in this area because of a lack of agricultural activity,
the result of later climatic deterioration, development of heath and the
establishment of a Royal Forest

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Piggott, C M, 'Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society' in Excavation of Fifteen Barrows in the New Forest 1941-2, (1943), 13
Piggott, C M, 'Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society' in Excavation of Fifteen Barrows in the New Forest 1941-2, (1943), 10-13
Other
Darvill, T.C., Monument Class Description - Round Barrow Cemeteries, 1988,
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

Source: Historic England

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