Ancient Monuments

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Three bowl barrows 620m east of Dilton Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Brockenhurst, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.8069 / 50°48'24"N

Longitude: -1.5221 / 1°31'19"W

OS Eastings: 433768.38676

OS Northings: 100919.19095

OS Grid: SU337009

Mapcode National: GBR 77K.60S

Mapcode Global: FRA 76PY.YMT

Entry Name: Three bowl barrows 620m east of Dilton Farm

Scheduled Date: 11 January 1972

Last Amended: 16 July 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010376

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20235

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Brockenhurst

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Boldre St John

Church of England Diocese: Winchester

Details

This monument includes three bowl barrows situated on lowland heath. The
largest barrow measures 25m in diameter and stands up to 1.9m high. A hollow
in the mound centre suggests previous robbing or early exploration of the
site. In 1970 an urn containing a cremation burial was recovered from this
barrow. Although no longer visible, a ditch, from which material was quarried
during construction of the monument, surrounds the barrow mound. This has
become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature c.2m wide.
Five metres south-east of this barrow is a 4.5m diameter and 0.3m high mound.
The associated quarry ditch survives as a buried feature. A short distance
east is another mound which measures 4m in diameter and 0.2m high.
This monument is part of a widely scattered group of round barrows situated on
Beaulieu Heath.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite evidence for partial excavation of one of the mounds, the cluster of
barrows 620m east of Dilton Farm survive comparatively well as part of a
widely scattered group of round barrows in the New Forest, an area known to
have been important in terms of lowland Bronze Age occupation. A considerable
amount of archaeological evidence has survived in this area because of a lack
of agricultural activity, the result of later climatic deterioration,
development of heath and the establishment of a Royal Forest.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
Hampshire County Planning Department, SU 30 SW 9,

Source: Historic England

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