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Bowl barrow 860m east of Dilton Farm forming part of the Beaulieu Airfield round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Brockenhurst, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.8054 / 50°48'19"N

Longitude: -1.5186 / 1°31'6"W

OS Eastings: 434018.991235

OS Northings: 100756.418067

OS Grid: SU340007

Mapcode National: GBR 77K.DWM

Mapcode Global: FRA 76QY.S8W

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 860m east of Dilton Farm forming part of the Beaulieu Airfield round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 15 July 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010377

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20237

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Brockenhurst

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: East Boldre St Paul

Church of England Diocese: Winchester

Details

This monument includes a bowl barrow situated on lowland heath. The barrow
mound measures 13m in diameter and stands up to 0.8m high. There is no
visible central hollow indicative of robbing or early excavation but a narrow
trench once existed just north of the mound centre. Although no longer
visible at ground level, a ditch, from which material was quarried during the
construction of the monument, surrounds the barrow mound. This has become
infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature c.1.5m wide. This
monument is part of the Beaulieu Airfield round barrow cemetery.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Despite some recent disturbance and evidence for an earlier excavation the
bowl barrow 860m east of Dilton Farm survives comparatively well as part of a
round barrow cemetery in the New Forest, an area known to have been important
in terms of lowland Bronze Age occupation. A considerable amount of
archaeological evidence has survived in this area because of a lack of
agricultural activity, the result of later climatic deterioration, development
of heath and the establishment of a Royal Forest.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, , Vol. 14, (1938), 362
Other
Darvill, T.C., Monument Class Description - Round Barrow Cemeteries, 1988,

Source: Historic England

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