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Duncton Common round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Duncton, West Sussex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.96 / 50°57'36"N

Longitude: -0.6328 / 0°37'57"W

OS Eastings: 496116.820339

OS Northings: 118732.785812

OS Grid: SU961187

Mapcode National: GBR FGR.NV3

Mapcode Global: FRA 96KK.WV5

Entry Name: Duncton Common round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 20 March 1967

Last Amended: 12 November 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009329

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20031

County: West Sussex

Civil Parish: Duncton

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Sussex

Church of England Parish: Duncton Holy Trinity

Church of England Diocese: Chichester

Details

The monument includes a linear barrow cemetery orientated east-west which
consists of ten bowl barrows stretched out in a line over 200m long. The
cemetery is situated on a ridge in the Lower Greensand north of the South
Downs. All of the barrows survive as earthwork features and have mounds which
vary in size from 10m to 24m in diameter and are between 0.6m and 1.6m high.
The most westerly of the bowl barrows (SU 96021874) has a central barrow mound
which measures 13m in diameter and stands at a height of 1.2m. Surrounding
the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction
of the monument. This has become infilled over the years and is no longer
visible at ground level but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. In the
centre of the mound is a hollow which suggests that the mound was once
partially excavated. The second barrow (SU 96041873), 15m to the south-east,
consists of a mound which measures 12m in diameter and 0.7m high. The
surrounding quarry ditch, as with all the barrows in the cemetery, is no
longer visible but survives as a buried feature, in this case c.3m wide. The
third barrow (SU 96061872) has one of the two largest mounds in the cemetery
and survives to a height of 1.6m with a diameter of 22m. The surrounding
ditch is c.3m wide. The central mound of the fourth barrow (SU 96071873)
measures 16m in diameter and 1.4m high around which the quarry ditch survives
as a buried feature c.3m wide. The north-western quadrant of the mound shows
evidence of disturbance which suggests that this area of the mound was once
partially excavated. The fifth barrow (SU 96101874) has a mound which
measures 15m in diameter and 1.5m high with a ditch c.3m wide. The sixth
barrow (SU 96121874) has a mound surviving to a height of 1.3m and is 16m in
diameter with a buried surrounding quarry ditch c.3m wide. The seventh barrow
(SU 96141875) has a barrow mound which is 20m in diameter and stands at a
height of 1.3m. The surrounding ditch is c.3m wide. There is a disturbance
in the east side of the mound which suggests that it was once partially
excavated. The eighth barrow (SU 96181876) is the smallest in the cemetery
and survives as a mound 0.6m high and 10m in diameter, with a ditch c.1m wide.
The ninth barrow (SU 96191876) has a mound the same size as the third and is
one of the two largest barrows in the cemetery. The mound measures 22m in
diameter and stands at a height of 1.6m, with a ditch c.3m wide. The tenth
and most easterly barrow in the cemetery (SU 96211875) has a mound which
measures 17m in diameter and stands at a height of 1.3m there is some slight
disturbance on the south side of the mound which suggests that this barrow was
also once partially excavated. The surrounding quarry ditch is c.3m wide.
Excluded from the scheduling are all fences and fence posts although the
ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Despite evidence of partial excavation, Duncton Common round barrow cemetery
survives well and has potential for the recovery of archaeological remains and
environmental evidence relating to the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex Barrows, (1934)
Grinsell, L V, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex Barrows, (1934)
Other
Coad, V.J., AM107, (1985)

Source: Historic England

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