Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow on Lavington Common, 540m east of Main Wood Cottage

A Scheduled Monument in Duncton, West Sussex

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Latitude: 50.9639 / 50°57'50"N

Longitude: -0.6457 / 0°38'44"W

OS Eastings: 495202.156033

OS Northings: 119147.497788

OS Grid: SU952191

Mapcode National: GBR FGQ.KL4

Mapcode Global: FRA 96JK.J8J

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Lavington Common, 540m east of Main Wood Cottage

Scheduled Date: 18 December 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009041

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20074

County: West Sussex

Civil Parish: Duncton

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Sussex

Church of England Parish: Graffham St Giles with Woolavington St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Chichester


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a rise in the Greensand to the
north of the South Downs. The barrow is visible as a central mound which
measures 16m in diameter and 1.2m high. Surrounding this is a ditch from
which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This is
no longer visible at ground level having become infilled over the years but
survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. A later boundary ditch and bank run
across the eastern edge of the mound in a north-south direction.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite slight damage caused by the construction of a boundary bank and
ditch across the monument, the bowl barrow 540m east of Main Wood Cottage
survives comparatively well and contains archaeological remains and
environmental information relating both to the monument and the landscape in
which the barrow was constructed.

Source: Historic England


Ordnance Survey, SU91NE27, (1971)

Source: Historic England

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