Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow on Lavington Common, 550m north of Westerland Stud

A Scheduled Monument in East Lavington, West Sussex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.9591 / 50°57'32"N

Longitude: -0.6525 / 0°39'9"W

OS Eastings: 494732.903027

OS Northings: 118607.328181

OS Grid: SU947186

Mapcode National: GBR FGQ.XG9

Mapcode Global: FRA 96JK.TWW

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Lavington Common, 550m north of Westerland Stud

Scheduled Date: 20 February 1980

Last Amended: 12 November 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011855

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20047

County: West Sussex

Civil Parish: East Lavington

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Sussex

Church of England Parish: Graffham St Giles with Woolavington St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Chichester

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a rise in the Greensand 2.5km
north of the South Downs. The barrow consists of a central mound 25m in
diameter and 1.2m high with a surrounding ditch from which material was
quarried during the construction of the monument. This has become infilled
over the years and is no longer visible, surviving as a buried feature c.3m
wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite later disturbance, the bowl barrow on Lavington Common survives
comparatively well and has potential for the recovery of archaeological
remains and environmental evidence relating to the landscape in which it was
constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Alsworth, F, SU 91 NW 49, (1978)

Source: Historic England

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