Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Four bowl barrows on Lavington Common, north of Lower Barn

A Scheduled Monument in East Lavington, West Sussex

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Latitude: 50.9571 / 50°57'25"N

Longitude: -0.6573 / 0°39'26"W

OS Eastings: 494401.179561

OS Northings: 118382.24949

OS Grid: SU944183

Mapcode National: GBR FGQ.W3C

Mapcode Global: FRA 96HL.5RF

Entry Name: Four bowl barrows on Lavington Common, north of Lower Barn

Scheduled Date: 31 July 1973

Last Amended: 12 November 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011857

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20048

County: West Sussex

Civil Parish: East Lavington

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Sussex

Church of England Parish: Graffham St Giles with Woolavington St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Chichester


The monument includes four bowl barrows situated on a rise in the Greensand
2km north of the South Downs. The barrow furthest to the east (SU 9444 1840)
has a central mound which measures 18m in diameter and 1.2m high. Surrounding
the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction
of the monument. This has become infilled over the years and is no longer
visible at ground level but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. The next
barrow (SU 9440 1839) to the west is 16m in diameter and 1.1m high and has a
surrounding ditch which has become infilled, surviving as a c.3m wide buried
feature. The third barrow (SU 9439 1836) is 16m in diameter and 1.5m high.
The surrounding ditch has become infilled and survives as a buried feature
c.3m wide. The fourth barrow (SU 9436 1839) has a central mound 18m in
diameter and 1m high. The surrounding ditch has become partially infilled and
is still visible to the south-west of the mound where there is a flat step
2.5m wide between the mound and the fall of the slope. The rest of the ditch
survives as a buried feature.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite some damage caused by forestry and animal burrowing, the four bowl
barrows on Lavington Common survive comparatively well and have potential for
the recovery of archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to
the landscape in which they were constructed. Such groups provide an insight
into burial practices and social organization in the Bronze Age period as well
as suggesting the intensity of occupation which occurred in the area.

Source: Historic England

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