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An enclosure containing two stone hut circles forming an outlying part of a large stone hut circle settlement in Raddick Plantation

A Scheduled Monument in Walkhampton, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5153 / 50°30'55"N

Longitude: -4.0104 / 4°0'37"W

OS Eastings: 257564.232441

OS Northings: 70320.029197

OS Grid: SX575703

Mapcode National: GBR Q2.XTZQ

Mapcode Global: FRA 27HP.MG1

Entry Name: An enclosure containing two stone hut circles forming an outlying part of a large stone hut circle settlement in Raddick Plantation

Scheduled Date: 6 October 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009086

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22385

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Walkhampton

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Details

This monument includes an enclosure containing two stone hut circles situated
on a gentle south west facing slope overlooking the valley of the River Meavy,
and forms an outlying part of a larger settlement. The enclosure survives as a
55m long and 43m wide oval area defined by a 1.5m wide and 0.5m high double
faced rubble wall, which is lynchetted along its southern circuit, where it
stands up to 1.2m high. A short length of its eastern side has seen limited
damage as a result of the making of Raddick Lane and now survives as a buried
feature. The stone hut circles are composed of stone and earth banks each
surrounding a circular internal area. The interior of the northern hut
measures 8m in diameter and the surrounding wall is 1.7m wide and stands up to
0.7m high. The doorway survives as a 1.5m wide gap in the surrounding wall and
faces WSW.
The interior of the southern hut measures 5.6m in diameter and is defined by
a 1.4m wide and 0.4m high rubble bank.
A post-medieval drystone wall measuring 0.7m high and 1m wide which cuts
across the enclosure is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground
beneath this feature is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The enclosure containing two stone hut circles in Raddick Plantation survives
comparatively well and, despite reuse of the area during the post-medieval
period, contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to
the monument, the economy of its inhabitants and the landscape in which they
lived. As such, it provides a valuable insight into the nature of Bronze Age
occupation on the west side of the Moor.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57SE114, (1983)
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1988)
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard,

Source: Historic England

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