Ancient Monuments

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Two cairns and a boundary bank forming part of a cairnfield 440m south-west of Raddick Hill summit

A Scheduled Monument in Walkhampton, Devon

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Latitude: 50.5194 / 50°31'9"N

Longitude: -4.0121 / 4°0'43"W

OS Eastings: 257455.18673

OS Northings: 70775.770037

OS Grid: SX574707

Mapcode National: GBR Q2.XM8C

Mapcode Global: FRA 27HP.DS9

Entry Name: Two cairns and a boundary bank forming part of a cairnfield 440m south-west of Raddick Hill summit

Scheduled Date: 4 November 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007426

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22295

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Walkhampton

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon


This monument includes two cairns and a boundary bank forming part of a
cairnfield on a gentle south-west facing slope of Raddick Hill overlooking the
valley of the River Meavy. The mounds are situated at either end of a 12m
long, 2m wide and 0.2m high rubble bank orientated east to west. Both mounds
measure 3m in diameter and stand up to 0.4m high.
This monument forms part of a wider cairnfield, comprising seventeen mounds,
two lengths of boundary bank and a lynchet.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later
industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the
pattern of land use through time. Cairnfields are concentrations of three or
more cairns sited within close proximity to one another; they may consist of
burial cairns or cairns built with stone cleared from the land surface
(clearance cairns). Round funerary cairns were constructed during the Bronze
Age (c.2000-700 BC) and consisted of earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes
ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major visual element in the modern landscape. The
considerable variation in the size of cairnfields and their longevity as a
monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and
social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The cairnfield on the south-west slopes of Raddick Hill survives well as an
example of Bronze Age fields defined by the cairns which resulted from field
clearance. Such examples are rare and provide a valuable insight into Bronze
Age agricultural activity.

Source: Historic England


Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57SE85,
Raymond, F, Single Monument Class Description - Cairnfields, (1987)

Source: Historic England

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