Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn 740m WSW of Crazy Well Pool

A Scheduled Monument in Walkhampton, Devon

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Latitude: 50.515 / 50°30'54"N

Longitude: -4.0112 / 4°0'40"W

OS Eastings: 257505.738323

OS Northings: 70290.001434

OS Grid: SX575702

Mapcode National: GBR Q2.XTR2

Mapcode Global: FRA 27HP.M49

Entry Name: Round cairn 740m WSW of Crazy Well Pool

Scheduled Date: 6 October 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009085

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22384

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Walkhampton

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon


This monument includes a round cairn situated on a south west facing slope
overlooking the valley of the River Meavy. The cairn mound measures 10m in
diameter, stands up to 1m high and is situated within a post-medieval field.
A slight hollow in the centre of the mound suggests partial early excavation
or robbing.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary
monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain
where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may
cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer
ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in
the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a
monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and
social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one
of the best preserved and most dense concentrations of round cairns in south-
western Britain.

Despite partial early excavation and being later incorporated into a post-
medieval field, the round cairn 740m WSW of Crazy Well Pool survives
comparatively well and contains archaeological and environmental information
relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was erected. A large
broadly contemporary settlement lies within a short distance of this cairn.

Source: Historic England


Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57SE114.1, (1983)
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard,
National Archaeological Record, SX57SE83,

Source: Historic England

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