Ancient Monuments

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Stone hut circle forming an outlying part of a large stone hut circle settlement east of Raddick Lane

A Scheduled Monument in Walkhampton, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5145 / 50°30'52"N

Longitude: -4.0098 / 4°0'35"W

OS Eastings: 257603.626542

OS Northings: 70232.661098

OS Grid: SX576702

Mapcode National: GBR Q2.Y1T8

Mapcode Global: FRA 27HP.TYS

Entry Name: Stone hut circle forming an outlying part of a large stone hut circle settlement east of Raddick Lane

Scheduled Date: 27 November 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013424

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22381

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Walkhampton

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Details

This monument includes a stone hut circle situated on a south west facing
slope overlooking the valley of the River Meavy. The building is terraced
into the hillside and is composed of a stone and earth wall surrounding a
circular internal area. The interior of the building measures 6.5m in
diameter and the surrounding 2.7m wide wall stands up to 0.7m high. A south
facing gap in the hut wall represents an original doorway.
This structure forms an outlying part and lies to the west of a large stone
hut circle settlement associated with an irregular aggregate field system.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The stone hut circle forming an outlying part of a large stone hut circle
settlement east of Raddick Lane survives comparatively well and contains
archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument,
the economy of its inhabitants and the landscape in which they lived. As such,
it provides a valuable insight into the nature of Bronze Age occupation on the
west side of the Moor. This hut lies a short distance from a substantial
cluster of stone hut circles associated with an irregular aggregate field
system and it may therefore contain complementary and contrasting information
concerning the prehistoric occupation of this hillside.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57SE160, (1983)
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1988)
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard,

Source: Historic England

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