Ancient Monuments

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Wayside cross beside a farm track, 115m north of Rosemorran Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Madron, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.1393 / 50°8'21"N

Longitude: -5.5329 / 5°31'58"W

OS Eastings: 147657.873596

OS Northings: 32558.940618

OS Grid: SW476325

Mapcode National: GBR DXQ9.VV8

Mapcode Global: VH12S.1RVL

Entry Name: Wayside cross beside a farm track, 115m north of Rosemorran Farm

Scheduled Date: 22 March 1932

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1006623

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 232

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Madron

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Gulval

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument includes a wayside cross, situated at Rosemorran Farm, overlooking the valley of the Trevaylor Stream. The cross survives as a decorated wheel-head on a short shaft, set into a boundary hedge built from exceptionally large stones. The cross measures approximately 1m high. The cross head is decorated on one side with the figure of Christ in relief, with the edge of the head defined by raised moulding. On the other side is similar raised-edge moulding surrounding an equal-armed cross in relief. The cross is thought to have been brought to this location from Penzance and was described by Langdon in 1896.

The wayside cross is Listed Grade II (70454).

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-423995

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes which might have a more specifically religious function, including providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions. Wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration but several regional types have been identified. The Cornish wayside crosses form one such group. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross were carved. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ. Less common forms include the `Latin' cross, where the cross-head itself is shaped within the arms of an unenclosed cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low-relief cross on both faces. Over 400 crosses of all types are recorded in Cornwall. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval routeways, settlement patterns and the development of sculptural traditions and their survival is somewhat differential because of periods of religious turbulence during the Reformation when many were subject to damage or partial destruction by iconoclasts. Despite having been relocated, the wayside cross beside a farm track 115m north of Rosemorran Farm survives well and its carving is particularly well-defined.

Source: Historic England

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