Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 270m south west of Castle Hill Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Luxulyan, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.4299 / 50°25'47"N

Longitude: -4.7774 / 4°46'38"W

OS Eastings: 202834.856401

OS Northings: 62577.641598

OS Grid: SX028625

Mapcode National: GBR N0.Q8N8

Mapcode Global: FRA 07WX.GLY

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 270m south west of Castle Hill Farm

Scheduled Date: 28 June 1974

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1005451

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 907

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Luxulyan

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Luxulyan

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument includes a bowl barrow, situated on a prominent ridge called Innis Downs. The barrow survives as a circular mound measuring up to 15m in diameter and 1.4m high with the surrounding quarry ditch, from which the material for the construction of the mound was derived, being preserved as a buried feature. There is a central hollow indicating early partial excavation, although no details are known. The barrow was first recorded on the Tithe Map.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-431508

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite partial early excavation, the bowl barrow 270m south west of Castle Hill Farm survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, territorial significance, social organisation, funerary and ritual practices and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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