Ancient Monuments

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Wayside cross at Bodwannick Manor Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Lanivet, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.4574 / 50°27'26"N

Longitude: -4.7667 / 4°46'0"W

OS Eastings: 203710.827671

OS Northings: 65613.881001

OS Grid: SX037656

Mapcode National: GBR N0.NKDZ

Mapcode Global: FRA 07XV.6SL

Entry Name: Wayside cross at Bodwannick Manor Farm

Scheduled Date: 22 March 1932

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1006643

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 206

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Lanivet

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Lanivet

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument includes a wayside cross, situated in the garden of Bodwannick Manor Farm. The cross survives as a decorated wheel-head and shaft set into a modern base. The cross stands to a height of 1.3m. It is decorated on both sides of the head with a Greek cross in relief and with incised lines down one side of the shaft. It was previously used as a gatepost on the farm and has two drilled holes, now filled with cement. It was moved to its present position in about 1930, and reputedly once stood at nearby Hooper's Bridge marking a route to Lanivet church. It was first recorded by Langdon in 1896.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-431394

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes which might have a more specifically religious function, including providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions. Wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration but several regional types have been identified. The Cornish wayside crosses form one such group. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross were carved. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ. Less common forms include the `Latin' cross, where the cross-head itself is shaped within the arms of an unenclosed cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low-relief cross on both faces. Over 400 crosses of all types are recorded in Cornwall. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval routeways, settlement patterns and the development of sculptural traditions and their survival is somewhat differential because of periods of religious turbulence during the Reformation when many were subject to damage or partial destruction by iconoclasts. Despite having been moved from its original location and having been re-used as a gatepost, the wayside cross at Bodwannick Manor farm survives comparatively well and retains much of its original decoration.

Source: Historic England

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