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Slight univallate hillfort called The Castle

A Scheduled Monument in Braunton, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.124 / 51°7'26"N

Longitude: -4.1606 / 4°9'38"W

OS Eastings: 248897.300767

OS Northings: 138304.497256

OS Grid: SS488383

Mapcode National: GBR KL.9HTN

Mapcode Global: VH3Q7.T0VM

Entry Name: Slight univallate hillfort called The Castle

Scheduled Date: 28 February 1963

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1002542

English Heritage Legacy ID: DV 513

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Braunton

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Braunton St Brannock

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

The monument includes a slight univallate hillfort situated on prominent ridge overlooking the Caen Valley. The hillfort survives as an oval enclosure measuring up to 165m long by 120m wide internally, defined by a single rampart and buried outer ditch. Within the enclosure on the southern side is a terraced rectangular area defined by mortared masonry which was constructed in 1850 to house two cannons from the wreck of HMS Weasel.

Sources: Devon HER:-582
NMR:-SS 44 SW 16
PastScape Monument No:- 33256

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Slight univallate hillforts are defined as enclosures of various shapes, generally between 1ha and 10ha in size, situated on or close to hilltops and defined by a single line of earthworks, the scale of which is relatively small. They date to between the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age (eighth - fifth centuries BC), the majority being used for 150 to 200 years prior to their abandonment or reconstruction. Slight univallate hillforts have generally been interpreted as stock enclosures, redistribution centres, places of refuge and permanent settlements. The earthworks generally include a rampart, narrow level berm and external ditch. Slight univallate hillforts are rare nationally, although in Devon they comprise one of the major classes of hillfort. Slight univallate hillforts are important for understanding the transition between Bronze Age and Iron Age communities. Despite reduction in the height of the rampart through cultivation the slight univallate hillfort known as 'The Castle' survives comparatively well and it will contain important archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, use and landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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