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Loynemore East, chambered cairn 420m north east of Lyne

A Scheduled Monument in North, West and Central Sutherland, Highland

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Coordinates

Latitude: 58.0855 / 58°5'7"N

Longitude: -4.9608 / 4°57'38"W

OS Eastings: 225533

OS Northings: 914545

OS Grid: NC255145

Mapcode National: GBR G74C.0FX

Mapcode Global: WH28Y.R1WF

Entry Name: Loynemore East, chambered cairn 420m NE of Lyne

Scheduled Date: 29 August 2018

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM13698

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric ritual and funerary: chambered cairn

Location: Assynt

County: Highland

Electoral Ward: North, West and Central Sutherland

Traditional County: Sutherland

Description

The monument is the remains of a chambered cairn dating to the Neolithic period, probably built and in use between around 4000BC and 2500BC. It is visible as a large grass-covered stony mound measuring around 11.5m in diameter and standing up to about 2m in height. Some cairn material has slumped spreading rubble and cairn material beyond the footprint of the cairn. The monument is located on a southwest facing slope, at about 220m above sea level.

The scheduled area is circular in plan with a diameter of 52m to include the remains described above and an area around them within which evidence relating to the monument's construction, use and abandonment is expected to survive, as shown in red on the accompanying map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

Cultural Significance

The cultural significance of the monument has been assessed as follows:

Intrinsic Characteristics

The monument is a chambered cairn which survives as a substantial stone-built mound. Although some of the cairn material has slumped, the monument stands close to its original scale and appearance. There is no evidence for an excavation or other disturbance and it is highly likely that internal structures such as a burial chamber and passage survive within the body of the cairn. There is good potential for the survival of archaeological remains, including human burials, artefacts and environmental remains such as pollen and charcoal, within, beneath and around the upstanding structure of the cairn. The archaeological deposits have the potential to provide information about the date of the monument, ritual and funerary practices, and the structure of Neolithic society. Any artefacts and environmental material would enhance understanding of contemporary economy, land-use and environment.

Dating evidence from chambered cairns elsewhere demonstrates that they were constructed and in use between around 4000BC and 2500 BC. They were used for communal burial and ritual, and excavations often reveal evidence of complex development sequences. The cairn may therefore have been in use for a long period of time. Scientific study of the cairn's form and construction techniques compared with other chambered cairns would enhance our understanding of the development sequence of this site and of chambered cairns in general.

Contextual Characteristics

Chambered cairns are found throughout Scotland, with a concentration in the north and west. The example at Loynemore East is important as an upstanding, well-preserved and largely undisturbed example. It is part of a wider cluster of chambered cairns in the area, including Cnoc Bad na Cleithe (SM1807; Canmore ID 4634), Ledbeg River (Canmore ID 4642) and Ledmore (SM1804; Canmore ID 4643). The proximity of these burial monuments can give important insights into the Neolithic landscape and add to our understanding of social organisation, land division and land-use. The monument has the potential to enhance our understanding of the nature and development of Neolithic monumentality and burial, the nature of belief systems, ceremonial and burial practices.

Chambered cairns are found in a variety of locations. Some are placed in conspicuous locations within the landscape, such as on the summits of hills or on the shoulders of hills, perhaps to be seen on a skyline or otherwise in profile. Others are found in less conspicuous locations, for example on valley floors. Relationships to routeways and/or other ritual sites, locations near to good upland pasture and views over specific areas of land may also have had significance. The chambered cairn at Loynemore is positioned on a southwest facing slope. It occupies a prominent position with extensive views to the west and southwest. The cairn is intervisible with a number of other cairns in the vicinity. In particular the large chambered cairn at Cnoc Bad na Cleithe (SM1807; Canmore ID 4634) is clearly visible to the west.

Associative Characteristics

There are no known associative characteristics that contribute to this site's national importance.

Statement of National Importance

This monument is of national importance because it makes a significant addition to our understanding of the design and construction of burial monuments, the nature of burial and ritual practices and their significance in Neolithic society. The chambered cairn is an impressive monument which retains its field characteristics and can be compared with other chambered cairns that survive in the vicinity. As such it can significantly enhance our understanding of Neolithic society and economy, as well as the nature of belief systems, burial and ceremonial practices. It would have been an important component of the wider prehistoric landscape of settlement, agriculture and ritual and would have been a prominent part of the prehistoric landscape. Chambered cairns are one of our main sources of information for the Neolithic in Scotland and so are an important element in our understanding of the nature of Scotland's prehistoric society and landscape. The loss of the monument would diminish our ability to appreciate and understand the meaning and importance of death and burial, and the placing of cairns within the landscape in the Neolithic period in northern Scotland and further afield.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography

Historic Environment Scotland http://www.canmore.org.uk reference number CANMORE ID 4624 (accessed on 13/06/2018).

Highland Historic Environment Record Reference: MHG13050 (accessed on 13/06/2018).

Cavers, G. and Hudson, G. (2010) Assynt's hidden lives: and archaeological survey of the parish, AOC/ Historic Assynt.

Canmore

https://canmore.org.uk/site/4624/


HER/SMR Reference

MHG13050

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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