Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Well, south of Rhos-y-Cribed

A Scheduled Monument in St. David's and the Cathedral Close (Tŷddewi a Chlos y Gadeirlan), Pembrokeshire (Sir Benfro)

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Latitude: 51.8709 / 51°52'15"N

Longitude: -5.2852 / 5°17'6"W

OS Eastings: 173938

OS Northings: 224255

OS Grid: SM739242

Mapcode National: GBR C4.SCQL

Mapcode Global: VH0TL.B7RK

Entry Name: Well, south of Rhos-y-Cribed

Scheduled Date: 14 July 2017

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 4397

Cadw Legacy ID: PE571

County: Pembrokeshire (Sir Benfro)

Community: St. David's and the Cathedral Close (Tŷddewi a Chlos y Gadeirlan)

Traditional County: Pembrokeshire


The monument comprises a holy well known as Pistyll Dewi or Ffynnon Dewi. A stone built, squared off wellhead around 1.5m across, covers a spring and the issuing water runs along a stone-lined channel to the southeast. According to tradition, the spring arose miraculously at the baptism of Dewi (St David) by St Elvis, and the waters restored the sight of Dewi’s blind godfather who held the baby for the baptism. The well is repeatedly associated with the remains of a chapel, with some accounts saying that the water is sanctified by running under the chapel’s altar. However, the undergrowth is so dense that no trace of the chapel can currently be seen. The structure has been truncated and was originally covered either by slabs or a vault. The well is of national importance for its association with St David, and as a manifestation of the early church’s links with Ireland through St Elvis (known in Ireland as Ailbe or Ailbhe). The strength of legend and tradition associated with the well lends it significant communal value, whilst the stone structure itself is likely to originate in the medieval period and retains the potential to inform us about medieval religious structures and rites associated with them.

The Scheduled area is a circle 10m in diameter, covering 0.01 hectares.

Source: Cadw

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