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Latitude: 52.2904 / 52°17'25"N
Longitude: -3.9037 / 3°54'13"W
OS Eastings: 270259
OS Northings: 267519
OS Grid: SN702675
Mapcode National: GBR 90.XTRJ
Mapcode Global: VH4G1.9P4H
Entry Name: Ystrad-Meurig Castle
Source ID: 3588
Cadw Legacy ID: CD032
Schedule Class: Defence
Community: Ystrad Meurig
Traditional County: Cardiganshire
The monument consists of the remains of a castle, dating to the medieval period. A castle is a defended residence or stronghold, built mainly of stone, in which the principal or sole defence comprises the walls and towers bounding the site. Some form of keep may have stood within the enclosure but these were not significant in defensive terms and served mainly to provide accommodation. The remains of Ystrad-Meurig Castle consist of a rather angular enclosure, about 100m north-south by 82m, occupying the southern tip of a spur. This has traces of a rampart and ditch on the north where it faces level ground and is otherwise defined by scarps above steep natural slopes. In the northern part of the enclosure are the foundations of a massive rectangular stone tower, 18-20m across. This was apparently part of a building complex at least 30m across. Within the south-western corner of the castle enclosure, gentle scarps define an inner oval enclosure, about 35m north-south by 30m. The castle was established in about 1110 and then destroyed in 1137. It was disputed, besieged and rebuilt through the later twelfth century and is last recorded in 1208. It is possible that earlier notices refer to a castle mound 1.6km to the east (SAM CD031).
The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of medieval defensive practices. The monument is well-preserved and an important relic of the medieval landscape. It retains significant archaeological potential, with a strong probability of the presence of both structural evidence and intact associated deposits.
The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.
Other nearby scheduled monuments