Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Y Garn Ring Cairn

A Scheduled Monument in Llanfynydd, Carmarthenshire (Sir Gaerfyrddin)

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Latitude: 51.958 / 51°57'28"N

Longitude: -4.0951 / 4°5'42"W

OS Eastings: 256134

OS Northings: 230913

OS Grid: SN561309

Mapcode National: GBR DR.LT06

Mapcode Global: VH4HN.Y1YS

Entry Name: Y Garn Ring Cairn

Scheduled Date: 7 February 1983

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 420

Cadw Legacy ID: CM229

Schedule Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Category: Ring cairn

Period: Prehistoric

County: Carmarthenshire (Sir Gaerfyrddin)

Community: Llanfynydd

Traditional County: Carmarthenshire


The monument comprises the remains of a ring cairn of earth and stone, which probably date to the Bronze Age (c. 2300 - 800 BC), with an overall diameter of c. 16m; it is defined by a turf-covered bank of stones, from ranging between 1 and 2m in width and 0.2 and 0.4m in height. The interior is uneven and an Ordnance Survey Trig Pillar has been erected on the southeast side of the ring. A cutting, 4m in length and 1.8m wide, has been dug into the hillside 6m to the northwest of the ring to a depth of 50 centimetres. This is aligned on the axis of the cairn and eight stones, averaging 1.2m in length, are scattered over it. This appears to be the site of a large cist.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of prehistoric burial and ritual practices. The feature is an important relic of a prehistoric funerary and ritual landscape and retains significant archaeological potential. There is a strong probability of the presence of both intact ritual and burial deposits, together with environmental and structural evidence. Ring cairns may be part of a larger cluster of monuments and their importance can further enhanced by their group value.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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