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Woodland Rath

A Scheduled Monument in The Havens (Yr Hafanau), Pembrokeshire (Sir Benfro)

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.7637 / 51°45'49"N

Longitude: -5.1108 / 5°6'38"W

OS Eastings: 185433

OS Northings: 211803

OS Grid: SM854118

Mapcode National: GBR G4.C3TP

Mapcode Global: VH1RJ.CXGT

Entry Name: Woodland Rath

Scheduled Date: 7 June 1950

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 3036

Cadw Legacy ID: PE191

Schedule Class: Defence

Category: Rath

Period: Prehistoric

County: Pembrokeshire (Sir Benfro)

Community: The Havens (Yr Hafanau)

Traditional County: Pembrokeshire

Description

The monument comprises a small defended enclosure or rath, which probably dates to the Iron Age period (800 BC - 43 AD). Usually enclosed by a bank and ditch, raths often contsin evidence of intensive occupation. Woodland Rath is a sub-circular enclosure measuring c.90m north to south by and 70m east to west. It is enclosed by a single bank and ditch, on the west where the land falls away steeply into a minor valley the defences are enhanced by the steep slope. The main bank and ditch is best preserved on the south and east sides, extending over 21m in width with the bank standing up to 2.3m above the interior and 5m above the base of the ditch. The ditch survives to c.1.6m deep. On the north side the bank has been plough-levelled and survives only as a steep scarp, although traces of the ditch and a counterscarp bank which also continues around the western side are visible in aerial photographs. A scarp slope running from the northeast corner of the site towards the northwest may be a natural feature, or part of the defences. A simple gap on the northeast corner of the enclosure marks the entrance.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of Iron Age settlement and social organisation. The monument forms an important element within the wider later prehistoric landscape. The structure itself may be expected to contain archaeological information in regard to chronology, building techniques and functional detail.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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