Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Tredegar Ironworks Cholera Cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Tredegar, Blaenau Gwent

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Latitude: 51.7603 / 51°45'36"N

Longitude: -3.2491 / 3°14'56"W

OS Eastings: 313886

OS Northings: 207579

OS Grid: SO138075

Mapcode National: GBR HV.07FR

Mapcode Global: VH6D0.M0PX

Entry Name: Tredegar Ironworks Cholera Cemetery

Scheduled Date: 20 February 2000

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 1060

Cadw Legacy ID: MM287

Schedule Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Category: Cemetery

Period: Post Medieval/Modern

County: Blaenau Gwent

Community: Tredegar

Traditional County: Monmouthshire


The monument consists of the remains of a cholera cemetery from the epidemics which swept many emerging industrial communities in the 19th century. The epidemic at Tredegar in 1849 was focused on the housing for the ironworks. As in many areas, a separate cemetery was created on a hilltop away from the town, owing to fears of infection from the dead. The cemetery is delimited by the wrought iron bases of fence posts in a rectange measuring 20m by 40m. It appears to contain six rows of graves with some 30 graves in each row. About 25 headstones remain standing and there are roughly 25 fallen slabs. Other graves are marked by stone edgings or mounds. Among legible inscriptions, in English and Welsh, nearly all record deaths in 1849, and many are directly ascribed to workers at Tredegar Ironworks. One is dated 1866. Given that there were often several burials per plot, the cemetery may represent between 200 and 600 fatalities.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of burial practices. It retains significant archaeological potential, with a strong probability of the presence of associated archaeological features and deposits.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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