Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Town Bank and Ditch

A Scheduled Monument in New Radnor (Maesyfed), Powys

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Latitude: 52.2397 / 52°14'23"N

Longitude: -3.1553 / 3°9'19"W

OS Eastings: 321205

OS Northings: 260800

OS Grid: SO212608

Mapcode National: GBR YZ.15XP

Mapcode Global: VH69K.8Y8X

Entry Name: Town Bank and Ditch

Scheduled Date:

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 2587

Cadw Legacy ID: RD050

Schedule Class: Defence

Category: Town defences

Period: Medieval

County: Powys

Community: New Radnor (Maesyfed)

Traditional County: Radnorshire


The monument comprises the well-preserved remains of the medieval town bank and ditch (Item A) and a section of medieval road (Item B). In total there are six scheduled sections of the bank and ditch with the most well-preserved sections being on the west, south and east sides of New Radnor. On the most well-preserved sections the bank and ditch survives as an uninterrupted linear feature, with the bank some 2.7m in height and the ditch having a depth of approximately 0.7m beneath the present ground surface.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of medieval settlement, organisation, communication and defence. The site forms an important element within the wider medieval townscape of New Radnor that includes the remains of a castle (RD033) medieval settlement (RD154) and a town layout that still retains many elements of Speed's plan of 1612. Recent excavation work has demonstrated the presence of evidence relating to chronology, layout, building techniques and functional detail furthering our knowledge of the development and layout of New Radnor.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and an area around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive. Item A consists of six scheduled sections of the town bank and ditch: Area A is located on the NW side of New Radnor. The linear feature is aligned NNE/SSW and measures 195m x 40m. It is centred at NGR SO 20982 60879. Area B is L shaped in plan and lies on the SW side of New Radnor. It measures 430m x 490m and is centred at NGR SO21117 60645. Area C lies on the SE side of New Radnor and is L shaped in plan. It measures 215m x 25m and centred at NGR SO21489/60784. Area D lies on the E side of New Radnor and includes a small section of town bank and ditch measuring 70m x 12m. In a field to the west of this section of bank and ditch, but adjoining it is Item B, which is a section of medieval road revealed during an archaeological evaluation of the site. The scheduled section of road is aligned N-S. It measures 10m wide x 70m. This area D is centred at NGR SO 21447 60914. Area E lies on the NE side of New Radnor and is aligned N-S. It measures 95m x 25m and is centred around NGR SO 21438 61019. Area F is a small section of town defences that is located to the E of the Castle on the northern side of the town. It measures 86m x 35m and is centred around NGR SO21315 61027.

Source: Cadw

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