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St Brides Netherwent Deserted Village

A Scheduled Monument in Caerwent (Caer-went), Monmouthshire (Sir Fynwy)

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.6023 / 51°36'8"N

Longitude: -2.8272 / 2°49'37"W

OS Eastings: 342807

OS Northings: 189595

OS Grid: ST428895

Mapcode National: GBR JD.BCKZ

Mapcode Global: VH7B8.YZ7K

Entry Name: St Brides Netherwent Deserted Village

Scheduled Date:

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 2390

Cadw Legacy ID: MM154

Schedule Class: Domestic

Category: Deserted Medieval Village

Period: Medieval

County: Monmouthshire (Sir Fynwy)

Community: Caerwent (Caer-went)

Traditional County: Monmouthshire

Description

The monument comprises the remains of earthworks, platforms and building footings, representing a deserted village, of probable medieval date. The remains of the deserted village are located in the valley of the small St Brides brook, which runs along the E side of the site. On the E side of the site the ground is flat but rises gently up the side of the valley to the W. In the SE corner of the site, adjacent to the brook, are the remains of two fishponds. The S pond is the larger of the two, both are sub-rectangular in plan and occasionally hold water. Between the ponds and the E side of the church are a number of low mounds, 0.5m high, and a hollow 1m deep. The hollow is roughly oval in plan and has a scarp running S from it towards a 1m high mound. On the SW side of the mound are a series of scarps enclosing roughly rectangular areas. On their SW side is a level rectangular platform with a low bank, 0.5m high, on 3 sides. Running roughly N/S along the contour to the W of and slightly above the churchyard is a hollow way. It is 7-8m wide with 0.7m high banks on both sides. The hollow way peters out before reaching the churchyard. Between the hollow way and the scarp to the W is a raised flat rectangular area with a bank 0.2m high along its N side. To the NW of the church is a large uneven mound with scarps 1m high on the N and NE sides, with three small hollows on its surface. To the NE is a further small mound, 1.5m high, and a 0.3m high scarp running N towards the field boundary that runs from the N corner of the churchyard. At the N end of the site are the remains of a raised rectangular platform, possibly a house platform, and an embanked enclosure.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of medieval settlement. The monument forms an important element within the wider medieval context and the scheduled area may be expected to contain a wide range of archaeological information, including chronological detail and evidence in regard to construction techniques and agricultural methods.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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